Mental illness and substance abuse disorders often exist as co-occurring disorders. While it can be difficult to discern which disorder came first, there are mental illnesses that develop as the result of a substance. These illnesses are known as substance-induced mood disorders.
A substance-induced mood disorder refers to episodes of depressive or manic states that occur during use or withdrawal from the use of a substance. Substance-induced mood disorders are distinct from co-occurring disorders in that they are the direct influence of a substance. Whereas co-occurring disorders are not necessarily the result of substance use.
Symptoms of substance-induced disorders vary from person to person and can range from mild anxiety and depression to severe mania or other psychoses, which are less commonly experienced. The type of disorder that affects a person is dependent on the type of substance and how much has been used. The genetic makeup of the person will also affect the disorder.
The 9 Substance-Induced Mood Disorders recognized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) include:
- Persisting dementia
- Persisting amnestic disorder
- Psychotic disorder
- Mood disorder
- Anxiety disorder
- Hallucinogen persisting perceptual disorder
- Sexual dysfunction
- Sleep disorder
Because the response to substance varies from person to person, the development of a mood disorder is dependent on an individual’s body chemistry and other sociological and genetic aspects. Both a reaction to and withdrawal from a substance can alter greatly.
Furthermore, according to the NIDA, any substance taken in a certain quantity over a long enough time period can lead to psychosis.
Substance-Induced Disorders in Acute Withdrawal
For illicit drugs like cocaine and methamphetamine, the effects may even appear during withdrawal. In the weeks following drug cessation, users may experience dysphoric states marked by anhedonia. Anhedonia is a type of depression where a person feels no pleasure at all.
Having the help of medical professionals in the early stages of recovery can be the difference between getting clean today or losing more time to addiction. Checking into an inpatient rehab helps to alleviate the confusion, depression, and anxiety that follows prolonged substance use. You don’t need to walk alone.
With a small clientele base, First Step Center’s all-male residential treatment facility can create custom treatment plans for each client in order to meet individual needs.
Coming soon, First Step Center will also offer:
- Partial Hospitalization Program
- Intensive Outpatient Program
- Outpatient Program
- Bipolar disorder treatment program
Finally, don’t wait any longer to get the help you need. First Step Center dedicates themselves to your total recovery and are ready to help you learn the skills you need to take back your life and start living again. To find out more about substance-induced mood disorders or addiction treatment, call us now at 8668326398.